Beijing, referred to as "Beijing", is the capital of the people's Republic of China, a provincial administrative region, a municipality directly under the central government, a national central city and a mega city. It is also the political center, cultural center, international exchange center and scientific and technological innovation center of China approved by the State Council. As of 2018, the city has 16 districts with a total area of 16410.54 square kilometers.
Beijing is located in the north of China and North China Plain, adjacent to Tianjin in the East and Hebei in the rest, with the center at 116 east longitude ° 20 ', 39 n ° 56 ', is a world-famous ancient capital and modern international city. It is also the office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Central People's Government of the people's Republic of China and the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.
Beijing is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. The west, the north and the Northeast are surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the southeast is a plain that slowly inclines to the Bohai Sea. The main rivers flowing through the territory are: Yongding River, Chaobai River, Beiyunhe River, Juma River, etc. most of them originate from the mountains in the northwest, pass through the mountains, meander to the southeast, flow through the plain area, and finally flow into the Bohai Sea. The climate of Beijing is a typical warm temperate semi humid continental monsoon climate. It is hot and rainy in summer, cold and dry in winter, and short in spring and autumn.
Shanghai (hereinafter referred to as Shanghai and Shen) is the national central city of China, the core city of Shanghai Hangzhou Ningbo Dawan District, the international economic, financial, trade, shipping, scientific and technological innovation center, and the first batch of coastal open cities. Shanghai, located at the estuary of the Yangtze River, is the leading city in the Yangtze River economic belt. It faces Japan's Kyushu Island across the East China Sea, Hangzhou Bay in the south, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in the north and West.
Shanghai port has the world's first cargo throughput and container throughput, the first international trade port in China, and the first free trade zone in Chinese mainland (Shanghai) free trade pilot area. Shanghai, Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang constitute the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration.
The city of Chongqing city (one belt, one road, the other two cities) is a strategic city for the development of the Western metropolis, a metropolis, a super large city and an important strategic pivot for the western development. The important area of the Yangtze River economic belt and the highland of the inland area are the important strategic pivots of the great western development of the People's Republic of China. The People's Republic of China is also a city with a large number of cities.
Chongqing is located in Southwest China, adjacent to Hubei and Hunan in the East, Guizhou in the south, Sichuan in the West and Shaanxi in the north; It belongs to subtropical monsoon humid climate, and famous scenic spots include Hongya cave, Dazu stone carving, etc. In Jin Dynasty, Yongning County was changed into Badu county; In 1929, Chongqing was officially established; On March 14, 1997, Chongqing Municipality was established and the former Chongqing Municipality was abolished.
On April 16, 2021, Chongqing was rated as one of the top ten digital reading cities. On April 23, Chongqing was listed as one of the top ten "yearning cities" from 2020 to 2021.
Zhejiang, China's provincial administrative region and its capital Hangzhou, is the birthplace of Wuyue culture and Jiangnan culture. It is known as "the house of silk" and "the land of fish and rice". Because of the zigzag Qiantang River, the largest river in Zhejiang, it is known as "Zhejiang", which is named after the river. Famous scenic spots include West Lake, Nanxi River, Putuo Mountain, etc.
Zhejiang was a territory of Wuyue in the pre Qin period and Kuaiji Prefecture in the Qin Dynasty. By the Tang Dynasty, Zhejiang had its East and West roads. The state of Wuyue was established in the Five Dynasties and two Zhejiang roads were established in the Song Dynasty; In the Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Zhejiang Province. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang officially separated Zhejiang Province. In the early years of Kangxi reign of Qing Dynasty, it was changed into Zhejiang Province, and its organizational system was determined.
Jiangsu (hereinafter referred to as "Su") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, and its capital is Nanjing. It is one of the birthplaces of ancient Chinese civilization. It is located in the Yangtze River Delta, adjacent to the Yellow Sea in the East, and bordering Shanghai, Zhejiang, Anhui and Shandong provinces. Jiangsu has many lakes and flat terrain, and the landform is composed of plain, water area, low mountains and hills; It straddles the Yangtze River and Huaihe River. Jiangsu province belongs to the East Asian monsoon climate zone, which has the characteristics of both South and North. Jiangsu has four major multi cultures of Jianghuai, Jinling, Wu and Central Plains, and 13 national historical and cultural cities. The "Wu rhyme and Han style" is characterized by the Wu culture headed by Suzhou and the Han culture headed by Xuzhou.
Located in the Yangtze River economic belt, Jiangsu is the only province with all prefecture level administrative regions among the top 100 in China. Jiangsu's per capita GDP, regional development and people's livelihood index (DLI) rank first in China and become one of the provinces with the highest comprehensive development level in China. Jiangsu Province's per capita GDP has been ranked the first in China since 2009, and it is one of the most active provinces in China. The Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, together with Shanghai, Zhejiang and Anhui, has become one of the six world-class urban agglomerations.
Guangdong (hereinafter referred to as "Guangdong"), the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the largest economic province in China, is the birthplace of "Pangu country in the South China Sea", the earliest birthplace of the maritime Silk Road and one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization.
Guangdong is located in the southernmost part of Chinese mainland, east to Fujian, north to Jiangxi, Hunan, West to Guangxi, and south to the South China Sea. It has a subtropical monsoon climate. Famous scenic spots include Danxia Mountain and Changlong happy world. In 214 BC, Nanhai Prefecture was established; In the second year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1369), Guangdong Road was changed to the province of xingzhongshu; On November 6, 1949, the people's Government of Guangdong Province was formally established.
Shandong, the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, referred to as "Lu", the provincial capital of Jinan. Located in the east coast of China, the lower reaches of the Yellow River, latitude 34 ° 22.9′—38 ° 01 'and 114 E ° 47.5′—122 ° 3 '. Shandong Peninsula stands out in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea, facing off Liaodong Peninsula; The inland area borders Hebei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu provinces from north to south. In 2018, the permanent resident population was 100.4724 million. The total area is 157100 square kilometers.
When Xia Yu was divided into nine states, Shandong belonged to Qingzhou. Before the establishment of the Shang Dynasty, the ancestor of the Shang Dynasty, Qidu, was in fan, and the prime minister, tudong, was at the foot of Mount Tai. In the Warring States period, Qi became one of the seven heroes; Today, most of Shandong is owned by Qi and Lu. At the end of Qin Dynasty and the beginning of Han Dynasty, Xiang Yu enfeoffed the generals and divided Qi into Qi, Jiaodong and Jibei. In 1949, the Changshan Islands were liberated and Shandong Province was liberated.
Shanxi (referred to as Jin), also known as Sanjin (known as Hedong in ancient times), is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the provincial capital of Taiyuan. It is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation, known as the "cradle of Chinese civilization" and known as the "Museum of ancient Chinese culture".
Shanxi is named after its location in the west of Taihang Mountain, with Taihang Mountain in the East, Luliang Mountain and the Yellow River in the West and south, and the Great Wall in the north. Shanxi is a typical mountainous plateau widely covered by loess. The terrain is high in the northeast and low in the southwest, and the altitude is more than 1500 meters. It belongs to temperate continental monsoon climate, with long winter, cold and dry; In summer, it is long in the South and short in the north, with concentrated rainfall; In spring, the climate is changeable and there are more sandstorms; Autumn is short and mild.
Shaanxi (referred to as "Shaanxi" or "Qin") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. The provincial capital is Xi'an. It is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese nation and Chinese culture. Fourteen regimes including Western Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang established their capitals in Shaanxi.
Shaanxi Province is located in the northwest of China, crossing the Yellow River and Yangtze River, facing Shanxi Province in the East and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the north; It has a warm temperate climate in the north and a subtropical monsoon climate. Famous scenic spots include the Great Wall, terracotta warriors and horses of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, and the wild goose pagoda. Shaanxi road was set up in the early Song Dynasty; In 1286, Shaanxi Province was established; On January 10, 1950, the people's Government of Shaanxi Province was established.
Hebei, referred to as "Ji", is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. It is located in the North China Plain, bordering Bohai Sea and Beijing Tianjin in the East, Taihang Mountain in the west, Yanshan Mountain in the north, and Zhangbei plateau in the north of Yanshan mountain, with a total area of 188800km ²。 As of June 2020, Hebei Province has 11 prefecture level cities.
Hebei has a temperate continental monsoon climate, which is the eastern region of China's economic development from east to west. It is also an important grain and cotton producing area in China.
Henan (hereinafter referred to as "Yu") was called Zhongyuan, Zhongzhou and Yuzhou in ancient times. Because most of it was located in the south of the Yellow River in history, it was named Henan. It is located in the Middle East of China and the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. It is an important comprehensive transportation hub and information flow center of people and logistics in China. It is known as "the hinterland of Jiuzhou and the thoroughfare of ten provinces".
Henan is the birthplace of the Chinese nation and Chinese civilization, as well as the birthplace of China's four great inventions. From the Xia Dynasty to the Song Dynasty, Henan was the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of China. More than 20 dynasties established or moved their capitals to Henan. It was the province with the largest number of capital dynasties, the longest history of capital establishment and the largest number of ancient capitals in China. Since ancient times, there has been a saying in Henan that "more than half of the celebrities in the world are in Zhongzhou".
Liaoning Province (hereinafter referred to as "Liao") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. It is the only coastal and border province in Northeast China. It is also one of the earliest coastal provinces in China to implement the opening-up policy. It is known as "the eldest son of the Republic" and "Dongfang Ruhr".
Liaoning Province is located in the south of Northeast China, bordering Hebei Province in the southwest, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the northwest and Jilin Province in the northeast. It has a temperate monsoon climate. Famous scenic spots include Shenyang Palace Museum and Qing Fuling. In Xia Dynasty, when Yu was divided into nine states, Liaoning belonged to Youzhou; In the early Republic of China, Fengtian province was set up in Liaoning Province; In August 1954, the organizational system of Liaodong and Liaoxi provinces was abolished and merged into Liaoning Province.
Heilongjiang (hereinafter referred to as "black") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, the capital of Harbin, is a heavy industry base in China and an important commodity grain base in China. It is named after Heilongjiang in the north of the province.
Located in the northeast of China, it is the provincial administrative region at the northernmost and easternmost end of land; The East and North are adjacent to Russia by the boundary rivers of Wusuli River and Heilongjiang River, and the water land boundary with Russia is 3045 km long, and it is connected with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the West and Jilin Province in the south; The area is 473000 square kilometers, and the scenic spots include Sun Island, Arctic village, Zhalong wetland, etc. In 1671, the Qing dynasty built a city along the Bank of Heilongjiang Province, which was named Heilongjiang city. Later Qing Dynasty was changed to Heilongjiang Province.
Jilin Province is located in the middle of Northeast China. Since the pre Qin Dynasty, Jilin has been put under the jurisdiction of the central government. In the Han Dynasty, prefectures and counties were set up. In the Tang Dynasty, Bohai and later Liao, Jin and Yuan Dynasties, prefectures, prefectures and counties were also set up. The Ming Dynasty set up the capital division and the guard office. In 1653 (the 10th year of Shunzhi reign of the Qing Dynasty), the Qing government set up ningguta angbang Zhangjing, which was the beginning of the establishment of Jilin Province. The establishment of this construction is the first time that Jilin Province has the rudiment of provincial construction, which is a milestone in the development history of Jilin Province. In 1662 ad (the first year of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty), it was renamed general ningguta. In 1673 (the 12th year of Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty), Jilin city was built in the shipyard (now Jilin City), which is known as "Jilin Wula" (meaning "Yanjiang" in Manchu), hence the name Jilin. In 1676, general ningguta moved to Jilin City. In 1757, general ningguta was renamed general Jilin. Since then, "Jilin" has been expanded from the original city name to the name of administrative region. In 1907 (the 33rd year of Guangxu in Qing Dynasty), Jilin Province was officially established.
Anhui Province (hereinafter referred to as "Wan") is a first-class administrative region of the people's Republic of China, with Hefei as its capital. It is located in East China, 450 km wide from east to west and 570 km long from north to south, with a total area of 140100 square kilometers.
Anhui Province is composed of plains, hills and mountains. It straddles the Huaihe River, Yangtze River and Qiantang River. It is an important part of the Yangtze River Delta. It is located in the strategic center of national economic development and the docking zone of several major domestic economic plates.
Hubei Province (hereinafter referred to as "e") is a provincial administrative region in China. Its capital is located in Wuhan. It is located in the middle of China, adjacent to Anhui in the East, Chongqing in the west, Shaanxi in the northwest, Jiangxi and Hunan in the south, and Henan in the North.
The terrain of Hubei Province is generally surrounded by mountains in the East, West and North, with a low level in the middle and a slightly open incomplete basin to the south. It is located in the subtropical zone. Apart from the alpine climate in the alpine region, most of the province has a subtropical monsoon humid climate.
Hunan, referred to as "Xiang", also known as "Xiaoxiang", is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with the provincial capital in Changsha.
The whole province covers an area of 218000 square kilometers, most of which are in the south of Dongting Lake, and the Xiangjiang River runs through the north and south. The territory is an asymmetric horseshoe terrain opening toward the northeast. Since ancient times, Hunan has been famous for its hibiscus. In the second year of Zong Guangde in the Tang Dynasty, Hunan became known as "Hunan". By the end of 2018, Hunan has 13 provincial cities, 1 Autonomous Prefecture, 17 county-level cities, 62 counties, 7 autonomous counties and 36 municipal districts, with 55 ethnic groups including Han, Tujia and Miao. The province is rich in plant and mineral resources, known as the "township of non-ferrous metals" and "township of non metals".
Sichuan (referred to as "Sichuan" or "Shu") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and its capital Chengdu. It is located in the hinterland of Southwest China, connecting Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai in the north, Yunnan and Guizhou in the south, Chongqing in the East and Tibet in the West; It is an important junction of southwest, northwest and central China. It is the hometown of giant pandas and is known as the "land of abundance". Famous scenic spots include Jiuzhaigou, Huanglong, etc.
Jiangxi (hereinafter referred to as "Gan"), also known as "Gan Po earth", is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, an important part of the Yangtze River economic belt, and a "land of fish and rice" in the south of the Yangtze River. In ancient times, it was known as "Wu tou Chu Wei, Yue Hu min Ting". Because of Ganjiang River, the largest river in the province, Jiangxi is also referred to as "Gan".
Jiangxi is located in the southeast of China, adjacent to Zhejiang Province and Fujian Province in the East, Guangdong Province in the south, Hunan Province in the west, Hubei Province and Anhui Province in the north, and the Yangtze River in total; It has a subtropical humid climate, and famous scenic spots include Lushan Mountain, Jinggang Mountain, Longhu Mountain, etc. During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Wu, Yue and Chu fought for Jiangxi; Jiangnan Road was set up in Song Dynasty; In the Qing Dynasty, Jiangxi Province was changed into the chief minister of Jiangxi Province; In 1949, Wuyuan County was transferred to Jiangxi Province.
Fujian (hereinafter referred to as "Min"), China's provincial administrative region, the provincial capital of Fuzhou.
Fujian is located in the southeast coast of China, adjacent to Zhejiang Province, Jiangxi Province, Guangdong Province, and Taiwan. Its geographical feature is "close to mountains and sea", known as "eight mountains, one water and one farmland". The coastline is the second longest in China, with a tortuous coastline of 3751.5 kilometers. Famous scenic spots are: Gulangyu, Wuyishan, Taining, Tailaoshan, etc.
Guangxi, the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, is one of the main areas of Lingnan cultural heritage, named after Lingnan West Road and Guangnan West Road.
Located in the south coast of China, the Tropic of cancer runs through the central part of the region, connecting Guangdong in the East, Beibu Gulf in the south, facing Hainan across the sea, Yunnan in the west, Hunan in the northeast, Guizhou in the northwest, and Vietnam in the southwest; Famous scenic spots include Guilin landscape, Beihai silver beach, Detian waterfall, etc. During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it was a part of Baiyue; In 1363, xingzhongshu province was set up in Guangxi, which was the beginning of the establishment of the province; In 1958, it was changed into Guangxi autonomous region; In 1965, it was renamed Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Yunnan, the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, is known as the kingdom of animals and non-ferrous metals. Yunnan is the "south of colorful clouds" and "Colorful Yunnan".
Yunnan is located in the southwest of China, with Guangxi and Guizhou provinces in the East, Sichuan Province in the north and Tibet Autonomous Region in the northwest; It belongs to subtropical monsoon climate and tropical monsoon climate, with Lijiang ancient city, Shilin and other tourist attractions. In the second year of Yuanfeng in the Western Han Dynasty (109 BC), Emperor Wu opened the west to the South and set up 24 counties with Yunnan as one of them; In the fourth year of Wude in Tang Dynasty (621), Yaozhou was set up to control Jimi Prefecture; In March 1950, the people's Government of Yunnan Province was established.
Guizhou (referred to as "Qian" or "Gui") is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, the provincial capital of Guiyang, located in the hinterland of Southwest China. It is a transportation hub in Southwest China, an important part of the Yangtze River economic belt, and a world-famous mountain tourist destination. Famous scenic spots include Huangguoshu waterfall, Fanjing Mountain, Zhijin cave, etc.
Guizhou is located in Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, bordering Hunan in the East, Guangxi in the south, Yunnan in the west, Sichuan and Chongqing in the north; The territory is high in the West and low in the East, rich in mineral resources.
In the 11th year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty, Guizhou was officially established as a province; In 1941, it was established in Guiyang; On December 26, 1949, Guizhou Provincial People's government was established.
Hainan, also known as QiongYa and Qiongzhou, is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, China's special economic zone and pilot free trade zone (port), the permanent site of Boao Forum for Asia, and Haikou, the provincial capital.
Hainan is located at the southernmost tip of China, facing the Beibu Gulf in the West and Vietnam, the South China Sea in the East and Taiwan in China, and the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia in the South China Sea in the southeast and south[ 1] Tropical monsoon climate, famous scenic spots are Wanlvyuan, Wuzhishan, Tianyahaijiao, etc. In 110 BC, zhuya county and daner county were set up in Hainan Island, under the jurisdiction of Jiaozhou governor; In Ming Dynasty, Hainan set up Qiongzhou Prefecture; In April 1988, it was transferred from Guangdong Province and established as an independent province.
Gansu, also known as Longyou, Yongliang and Longyuan, is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China with Lanzhou as its capital.
The name of Gansu is derived from the initials of Ganzhou (now Zhangye) and Suzhou (now Jiuquan). In the pre Qin period, Gansu Province belonged to Yongzhou and Liangzhou. Gansu has various climate types, including subtropical monsoon climate, temperate monsoon climate, temperate continental climate and alpine plateau climate from south to north. Famous scenic spots include Mogao Grottoes, Maiji Mountain, Kongtong mountain, etc.
Qinghai (abbreviated as "Qingqing") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, the capital of Xining, located in the inland of Northwest China, and borders on 31 latitude North ° 36′-39 ° 19 ', longitude 89 ° 35′-103 ° Between 04 ', the north and the East are connected with Gansu, the northwest is adjacent to Xinjiang, the South and the southwest are adjacent to Tibet, and the southeast is bordered by Sichuan, and is located in the northwest of the four geographical divisions. Qinghai is the birthplace of the Yangtze River, Yellow River and Lancang River, known as "river source" and "Three River source", and it is known as "Chinese water tower".
Qinghai Province covers a total area of 7223000 square kilometers, which has jurisdiction over 2 prefecture level cities and 6 autonomous prefectures. The terrain is generally high in the West and low in the East and low in the high and middle schools in the north and south. The elevation in the west is high and steep, and it inclines to the East, and it is in a ladder type, which belongs to the continental climate of the plateau.
Tianjin (hereinafter referred to as Jin), a municipality directly under the central government of the people's Republic of China, is a national central city, a super large city, an economic center of the Bohai Rim region, one of the first batch of coastal open cities, a national advanced manufacturing R & D base, a core area of northern international shipping, a demonstration area of financial innovation and operation, and a pilot area of reform and opening up.
Tianjin is located at the confluence of five tributaries of Haihe River in North China Plain, adjacent to Bohai Sea in the East and Yanshan Mountain in the north; It belongs to warm temperate semi humid continental monsoon climate, and famous scenic spots include Wudao Road, eye of Tianjin, etc. Liao Dynasty set up the "salt court" in Wuqing to manage salt affairs; In the second year of Yongle (December 23, 1404), it was renamed Tianjin; In January 1967, the municipality was restored.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (hereinafter referred to as "Inner Mongolia") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, with grassland, forest and per capita cultivated land area ranking first in China, rare earth metal reserves ranking first in the world, and is the largest grassland and pastoral area in China.
Located in the interior of Eurasia, Inner Mongolia has a temperate continental climate, spanning northeast, North and Northwest China, and adjacent to eight provinces. The terrain extends from northeast to southwest in a long and narrow shape, and the whole area is basically a plateau type geomorphic area. Famous scenic spots include Genghis Khan Mausoleum, Ordos grassland, etc. In December 2018, Inner Mongolia was selected as the "national youth campus Football Reform Experimental Zone".
Tibet Autonomous Region is located in the West and south of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The area above 4000 meters above sea level accounts for 85.1% of the total area of the region, known as "roof of the world" and "the third pole of the earth", which is the highest place in the world, It is one of the five ethnic minority autonomous regions in China, with the capital in Lhasa.
Tibet is adjacent to Xinjiang in the north, Sichuan in the East, Qinghai in the northeast and Yunnan in the southeast; It borders India, Nepal and other countries and regions. Tibet was called "Tubo" in Tang and Song Dynasties, "wuszang" in Yuan and Ming Dynasties, "tanggute" and "tubot" in Qing Dynasty, and "Tibet" since Kangxi years of Qing Dynasty.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (hereinafter referred to as Ningxia), a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, is one of the five major ethnic minority autonomous regions in China. Historically, it is the main route of the "Silk Road" and is known as the "Great Wall to the south of the Yangtze River".
Located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River in Western China, it is adjacent to Shaanxi Province in the East, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the West and North, and Gansu Province in the southwest, South and Southeast; 35 n ° 14~39 ° 23, 104 e ° 17~107 ° 39. The terrain gradually inclines from southwest to northeast, and there are many hills and gullies. The terrain is divided into three plates: North Yellow River irrigation area, Middle Arid Zone and south mountainous area. Ningxia is located in the Yellow River system, the terrain is high in the South and low in the north, showing a ladder like decline. The whole region belongs to temperate continental arid and semi-arid climate.
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (hereinafter referred to as "new") is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. It is one of China's five ethnic minority autonomous regions and the largest provincial administrative region in China's land area. In history, it was an important channel of the ancient Silk Road, and now it is the only place for the second "Eurasian land bridge".
Xinjiang is located in the hinterland of Eurasian continent and the northwest border of China; It has a temperate continental climate, and famous scenic spots include Tianshan Mountain, Gaochang ancient city, Turpan, etc. In 60 B.C., the central government of the Western Han Dynasty established the capital of the western regions[ 1] In 1884, the Qing government set up a province in Xinjiang; Xinjiang autonomous region was established on October 1, 1955.